Chanakya was once an Indian teacher, philosopher and royal advisor. He managed the first Maurya emperor Chandragupta’s rise to power at a young age. He is widely credited for having played a very powerful role in the establishment of the Maurya Empire, which was once the first empire in archaeologically recorded history to rule some of the Indian subcontinent.
Chanakya is traditionally identified as Kautilya or Vishnu Gupta, who authored the ancient Indian poltical treatise called Arthasastra. As such, he is regarded as as the pioneer of the field of economics and political science in India, and his work is regarded as a very powerful precursor to Classical Economics.
Chanakya Neeti is a treatise on the ideal way of living, and shows Chanakya’s deep study of the Indian way of living. Chanakya also developed Neeti-Sutras (aphorisms—pithy sentences) that tell people how they must behave. Of these well-known 455 sutras, about 216 refer to rajaneeti (the do,s and don’ts of running a kingdom). It seems that, Chanakya used these sutras to groom Chandragupta and other selected disciples in the art of ruling a kingdom.
SOME IMPORTANT SUTRAS
In the common man’s affluence and happiness is the affluence and happiness of the king. In their welfare is the king’s welfare.
The king’s mission must be to constantly make efforts for the welfare of his subjects. It is his duty to care for orderly administration.
Self-dependent economy is the best economy; it must not be entirely dependent on exports.
Everyone in the society must be equal with equal opportunities.
It will be significant to have an effective land management policy for the development of the resources.
The State must keep a constant watch on the agricultural development.
The law of the land must be uniform for everyone.
The security of its residents must be a priority for the government.